Sunday, April 5, 2009



The Palm Islands in Dubai are the three largest artificial islands in the world. They are being constructed by Nakheel Properties, a property developer in the United Arab Emirates, who hired the Dutch dredging and marine contractor Van Oord, one of the world's specialists in land reclamation. The islands are The Palm Jumeirah, The Palm Jebel Ali and The Palm Deira. The Islands are located off the coast of The United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf and will add 520 km of beaches to the city of Dubai. The first two islands will comprise approximately 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand. Palm Deira will be composed of approximately 1 billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials will be quarried in the UAE. Between the three islands there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach side villas and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports facilities and health spas. The creation of The Palm Jumeirah began in June 2001. Shortly after, The Palm Jebel Ali was announced and reclamation work began. In 2004, The Palm Deira, which will be almost as large in size as Paris, was announced. Palm Jumeirah is currently open for development. Construction will be completed over the next 10-15 years.


Off the coast of Iceland on the morning of 14 November 1963, the crew of a lone fishing trawler spotted an alarming sight. Off to the southwest of the Ísleifur II, a column of dark smoke was rising from the water. Concerned that it could be another boat on fire, the captain directed his vessel towards the scene. Once there, however, they found not a boat but a series of violent explosions producing ash. This was an unmistakable indication of a volcanic eruption taking place underwater, close to the surface. Very aware of the potential danger but eager to watch, the crew kept their boat nearby. It was indeed a remarkable event that they would witness a small part of over the course of that morning: the formation of a brand-new island. Although now quite visible, the eruption lasted for much, much longer than the Ísleifur II would have been able to watch. After several days, the volcano had broken the water's surface, forming an island over 500 meters long and 45 meters tall. Even though the rough tides of the North Atlantic might have soon eroded the new island away, it was named Surtsey, meaning 'Surtur's island' - Surtur (or Surtr) being a fire giant of Norse mythology. The island proved to be tenacious, however. The eruption was ongoing and Surtsey increased in size more quickly than the ocean could wear it down. In the meantime two other nearby volcanic eruptions produced the beginnings of islands, but neither lasted very long. By April 1964, though, the most violent parts of the eruption were over and Surtsey remained.


Gaberoun is an oasis with a large lake located in the municipality Sabha in the Libyan Sahara. The old Bedouin settlement by the western shore of the lake has been abandoned, and now lays in ruins. A rudimentary tourist camp is located on the northeastern shore, including an open patio, sleeping huts, and a souvenir shop (attended by a touareg in full costume) in the winter. The lake is very salty, swimming can be pleasant despite the salt water crustaceans. Mosquitoes are abundant, especially in the summer. October to May is considered the best time to visit as the climate is milder.


Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density. For example, Mediterranean sea water is warm, saline, and less dense, compared to Atlantic ocean water. When Mediterranean sea water enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill, it moves several hundred kilometers into the Atlantic at a depth of about 1000 meters with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics. The Mediterranean water stabilizes at this depth.

The Mediterranean sea water as it enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics, because of the barrier that distinguishes between them. Temperatures are in degrees Celsius (C°). (Marine Geology, Kuenen, p. 43, with a slight enhancement.) (Click on the image to enlarge it.)Although there are large waves, strong currents, and tides in these seas, they do not mix or transgress this barrier. The Holy Quran mentioned that there is a barrier between two seas that meet and that they do not transgress. God has said: He has set free the two seas meeting together. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress. (Quran, 55:19-20) But when the Quran speaks about the divider between fresh and salt water, it mentions the existence of “a forbidding partition” with the barrier. God has said in the Quran: He is the one who has set free the two kinds of water, one sweet and palatable, and the other salty and bitter. And He has made between them a barrier and a forbidding partition. (Quran, 25:53) One may ask, why did the Quran mention the partition when speaking about the divider between fresh and salt water, but did not mention it when speaking about the divider between the two seas? Modern science has discovered that in estuaries, where fresh (sweet) and salt water meet, the situation is somewhat different from what is found in places where two seas meet. It has been discovered that what distinguishes fresh water from salt water in estuaries is a “pycnocline zone with a marked density discontinuity separating the two layers.”3 This partition (zone of separation) has a different salinity from the fresh water and from the salt water4 (see figure 14).

Figure 14: Longitudinal section showing salinity (parts per thousand ‰) in an estuary. We can see here the partition (zone of separation) between the fresh and the salt water. (Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, p. 301, with a slight enhancement.) (Click on the image to enlarge it.)This information has been discovered only recently, using advanced equipment to measure temperature, salinity, density, oxygen dissolubility, etc. The human eye cannot see the difference between the two seas that meet, rather the two seas appear to us as one homogeneous sea. Likewise, the human eye cannot see the division of water in estuaries into the three kinds: fresh water, salt water, and the partition (zone of separation}


God has said in the Quran about one of the evil unbelievers who forbade the Prophet Muhammad from praying at the Kaaba: No! If he does not stop, We will take him by the naseyah (front of the head), a lying, sinful naseyah (front of the head)! (Quran, 96:15-16) Why did the Quran describe the front of the head as being lying and sinful? Why didn’t the Quran say that the person was lying and sinful? What is the relationship between the front of the head and lying and sinfulness? If we look into the skull at the front of the head, we will find the prefrontal area of the cerebrum (see figure 12). What does physiology tell us about the function of this area? A book entitled Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology says about this area, “The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate movements occur in the anterior portion of the frontal lobes, the prefrontal area. This is a region of association cortex... Also the book says, “In relation to its involvement in motivation, the prefrontal area is also thought to be the functional center for aggression....

Functional regions of the left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex. The prefrontal area is located at the front of the cerebral cortex. (Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Seeley and others, p. 210.) (Click on the image to enlarge it.)So, this area of the cerebrum is responsible for planning, motivating, and initiating good and sinful behavior and is responsible for the telling of lies and the speaking of truth. Thus, it is proper to describe the front of the head as lying and sinful when someone lies or commits a sin, as the Quran has said, “...A lying, sinful naseyah (front of the head)!” Scientists have only discovered these functions of the prefrontal area in the last sixty years, according to Professor Keith L. Moore.


African plains is place where the toughest of the tough survive.This is the land where the lion and elephant rule.The climate is brutal hot days and freezing night.The beautiful can not explained in words.take a Safari here,it worth it.


Angel Falls or Salto Ángel is the world's highest free-leaping waterfall at 979 metres (3,212 feet) with an uninterrupted drop of 807 metres (2,648 feet). It is located on the Auyan Tepui river in the Canaima National Park of VenezuelaAngel Falls is located in the Guayana highlands,one of five topographical regions of Venezuela. It is 15 times higher than Niagara Falls. The falls are named after Jimmy Angel (American) who first saw the falls in venezuela 1933 while searching for a gold ore.He returned again in 1936 with his wife and landed his plane at the top of the waterfall. Angel's Falamingo monoplane settled down into the marshy ground atop Auyan-tepui and remained there for 33 years before being lifted out by a helicopter.



A glacier in Greenland is melting very rapidly and has accelerated its slide sliding into the sea, Greenpeace said Thursday, saying the "dramatic" discovery proved that immediate action is needed to stop climate change.
"Preliminary findings indicate Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier on Greenland's east coast could be one of the fastest moving glaciers in the world with a speed of almost 14 kilometres (nearly nine miles) per year," scientists aboard a Greenpeace ship in the Arctic said.
In 1988, the glacier was advancing at just five kilometers per year, the scientists on the Arctic Sunrise ship said, citing satellite imagery.
"This is a dramatic discovery," said Gordon Hamilton of the Climate Change Institute at the University of Maine in the United States, who took the measurements on the glacier on Greenland's east coast.
"These new results suggest that the loss of ice from the Greenland Ice Sheet, unless balanced by an equivalent increase in snowfall, could be larger and faster than previously estimated," he added.
The melting of the glacier could have a knock-on effect on glaciers further north in the Arctic, Hamilton warned, which "could have serious implications for the rate of sea level rise."
The Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier takes ice from the Greenland Ice Sheet to the ocean and discharges icebergs which contribute to sea-level rise. Any change in the glacier's speed would be very significant in terms of sea-level rise, Greenpeace said.
Researchers from the Arctic Council last November warned that the Arctic is warming at double the rate as the rest of the planet, and that within the next 100 years the ice cover there will completely disappear in summer and species living in the ice field, such as polar bears, will be threatened.
Seven of the eight countries on the council -- made up of Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States -- have backed the 1997 Kyoto Treaty on climate change, but have been stymied by Washington, which refused to ratify the pact and then ditched it in 2001.
"Greenland's shrinking glaciers are sending an urgent warning to the world that action is needed now to stop climate change," said Martina Krueger, the leader of the Greenpeace expedition said in a statement.
"How many more urgent warnings does the (US President George W.) Bush administration need before it takes meaningful action on climate change?"

SAHARA DESERT............

The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert spread over 8.6 million square kilometers in the northern part of Africa. The high summer temperatures, little rains, cold winters, and dry hot winds -- all of them together make Sahara’s weather very harsh and difficult to sustain life. Miraculously human beings along with a few animal, bird and plant species have been able to adapt to the harsh desert conditions and have managed to survive there.

The Sahara desert's climate consists of two different sub-climates -- a subtropical climate in its northern parts, and a tropical one in the southern part. The dry subtropical climate in the Sahara desert, which is caused by a persistent high pressure building up over the Tropic of Cancer, is characterized by very hot summers and cold winters. The annual temperature range is very high. This sub-climate is characterized by two rainy seasons. The dry tropical climate in the Sahara desert, which is caused by a constant continental air mass and an unsteady marine air mass, is characterized by hot and dry summers and milder winters.
The mean annual temperatures in Sahara exceed 30°C. During the hot summers, the temperatures can rise above 50 degree centigrade, while during winters the temperatures can fall below freezing point. The daily temperature variation can range from -0.5 to 37.5 degree centigrade. The harsh weather is further worsened due to hot, dusty winds which make the weather seem even hotter.
The winters are milder in the southern part and much colder in the northern part of the desert. It rains very little in the northern parts but increases gradually down south, with the rainfall being more prominent during the summer months and very light during winters.


Where else would you find a sea so rich in culture and beauty ,only the Mediterranean.The Mediterranean is part of Atlantic but resides between Africa and Europe.There is large variety of tropical marine life.Large,Broad beaches line the coast of the Mediterranean sea.It is suggested going here is the largest vacation.


Mainly located in Brazil,this destination will amaze you beyond you wildest dream.See how life would have adapted without being colonized by human.As the world`s largest tropical rainforest,it sprawls across much of the north.The mighty Amazon and other enormous river wind though this vast green area of towering tree and steamy jungles.Where else would you find 75% of the world`s plant and animal species in only 3% of the world`s area ?The forest is always a live here.Mountain covered in a blanket of cloud and fog rise high in the north broad white beaches line glistening seashores.